1. STAND-BY OBLIGATION. POTENTIAL CONSIDERATION AS WORKING TIME
The Court of Justice of the European Union holds that stand-by time during which an employee is obliged to answer calls from the employer in a short period of time at home should be considered “working time”.
2. NEGOTIATION OF A COLLECTIVE BARGAINING AGREEMENT. MEMBERS OF THE WORKS COUNCIL AND UNION REPRESENTATIVES
The Supreme Court holds that members of works councils who are affiliated to a trade union are not automatically trade union representatives given that this specifically requires a positive act of either appointment or empowerment.
3. PLATFORM ECONOMY. EXISTENCE OF AN EMPLOYMENT RELATIONSHIP
The Supreme Court finds a employment relationship to exist between a translator and the company that mediated with the clients receiving the translation services.
4. REDUCTION IN WORKING HOURS AND CHOICE OF TIMETABLE
The High Court of Justice of Andalusia holds that, to deny a reduction in working hours when specific hours fall outside the normal working timetable, the company must justify the organisational or economic damage caused.
5. LEGAL CLASSIFICATION OF DISMISSAL WITHOUT CAUSE
The High Court of Justice of Catalonia holds that a dismissal without cause is classified as an unfair dismissal and not a void dismissal.